Emerging Technologies 2018 Session Listing
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Session B1: Nanoscale Devices and MEMS
Start Time: 13:30, Wednesday, May 09
Room: Mt. Currie South
Chaired by Chair to be Announced
- 13:30 Maxime Hugues, CNRS-CRHEA
The development of AlGaN/GaN and ZnMgO/ZnO heterostructures for THz devices
During the last 20 years, wide bandgap materials (GaN and ZnO) have attracted a large interest for electronic and optoelectronic devices. The efforts on nitrides development have successfully allowed the commercialization of efficient blue and white light emitting diodes but also high-frequency and high-power transistors. On the other hand, despite really attractive potential for optoelectronic and sensing applications the development of ZnO devices has been strongly limited by the p-type doping issue.
Unipolar (i.e. only dealing with electrons) emitters and detectors based on quantum cascade structures have been widely developed in "classical" III-V materials. While it allows to fully covering the mid-infrared range, the device performances strongly degrade for the 1-10 Terahertz (THz) spectrum part. Here, we will show how wide bandgap material properties could overcome the intrinsic limitations of the classical material.
First, we will demonstrate that wide bandgap heterostructures fulfill the high control and quality level requirements of quantum cascade devices. This is particularly true for homoepitaxial ZnO since molecular beam epitaxy allows getting defect density, surface roughness, and residual doping, comparable to the state-of-the-art of GaAs. Then, we will give an overview of the main intersubband transition results obtained with these two wide bandgap families.
This work is funded by the French National Agency under "OptoTeraGaN" project (ANR-15-CE24-0002) and by EU commission under the H2020 FET-OPEN program; project "ZOTERAC" FET-OPEN 6655107.
- 13:50 Ji Ung Lee, SUNY Polytechnic Institute
Reconfigurable logic devices in 2D materials
- 14:10 Andreas Ruediger, INRS
CMOS compatible ferroelectric tunnel junctions
- 14:30 Fabrice Vallee, Université de Lyon
with F. Medeghini, N. Del Fatti, A. Crut and P. Maioli
Control of mechanical energy damping at the nanoscale
Controlling and modeling the mechanical response of nanoscale systems is of central interest for many technological applications. In this size range, breaking of translational invariance leads to appearance of discrete acoustic modes that find application in different domains and also rule many fundamental properties of nano-materials. They have been intensively studied during the last decade as full exploitation of the new potentialities they offer requires identifying and understanding the underlying physical mechanisms at the origin of their specific responses.
The acoustic mode frequencies of nano-objects down to the one nanometer size are well described in the framework of the elasticity model [1,2]. Damping, a key element for applications, mostly originates from vibrational energy transfer from the objects to their environment. It is thus highly sensitive to their mechanical contact, to the presence of interfacial layers, and to the object morphology. This sensitivity makes theoretical description challenging but also opens-up the possibility of altering the damping of a given acoustic mode tailoring the system morphology. These dependencies will be discussed, based on experimental investigations of the acoustic vibration of single supported metal nano-objects.
 A. Crut et al., Physics Report 549, 1 (2015)  H. E. Sauced-Félix et al., J. Phys. Chem C 116, 25147 (2012).
- 14:50 Toshiyuki Tsuchiya, Kyoto University
Measurement of energy carrier transportation across fracture fabricated nanogap on MEMS
Energy transportation across narrow gap less than 100nm attracts peoples to develop new nano materials, devices and systems. To investigate and apply the transportation, large (larger than micrometers square) and narrow (less than 100nm) uniform gap is needed but it is difficult to fabricate with conventional micro- and nano-fabrication technologies. We have proposed "fracture fabrication", in which cleavage of single crystal silicon on (111) plane is used. A beam with a notch is fractured by applying a tensile force along longitudinal direction and is separated into two pieces at the notch. The cleavage plane is atomically smooth and corresponding fracture surfaces are identical with each other and conformal gap can be formed. The beam is integrated to a MEMS structure, which may equip various functions, such as an actuator for fracture force generation and gap control after cleavage, a sensor for force, displacement and temperature measurement, and electrodes for current measurement. Using the structure, electron and phonon transportation, as well as attraction force is easily measured just after creating gap. We have succeeded in measuring field emission current through 100nm scale nanogap  and its gap-size dependency.
 A. Banerjee, et al., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 56 (2017) 06GF06.
- 15:10 Jan Dubowski, Université de Sherbrooke
Open circuit potential of digitally photocorroding GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well microstructures
- 15:30 COFFEE BREAK
(Mt. Curie Foyer, Sutcliffe Foyer)
- 15:50 Victor M. Castaño, Universidad Autónoma de México
MEMS and NEMS for advanced sensing of re-emerging diseases
- 16:10 Edmond Cretu, University of British Columbia
From symmetry breaking to high sensitivity sensing in weakly-coupled resonators
- 16:30 Matthew Spencer, Harvey Mudd College
Evaluating electromechanical sequential logic
Nanoelectromechanical (NEM) switches have a set of switching characteristics which make them intriguing candidates for low power computing, but which make the design of sequential logic difficult. NEM switches display zero off state leakage, which allows NEM circuits to exhibit very low energy per operation, but NEM logic circuits must be designed to accommodate the long mechanical delay of NEM switches. This is especially apparent in sequential logic, where incorporating NEM flip-flops designed in the same way as CMOS flip-flops triples the delay of a well designed NEM pipeline stage. This talk will re-introduce the rudiments of NEM logic circuit design, discuss the challenges of designing NEM flip-flops, survey the NEM flops in literature, propose NEM sequential logic circuits which are capable of preserving the performance of combinational NEM logic, and demonstrate that proposal in simulation using a Verilog- A model of the NEM switch.
- 16:50 Raafat Mansour, University of Waterloo
Integrated atomic force microscope/scanning microwave microscope on a single CMOS-MEMS chip
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